The results showed that the downregulation of 14-3-3 sigma and Maspin and the upregulation of GRP78 and Mn-SOD were significantly correlated with NPC radioresistance and the combination of the four proteins achieved KPT-8602 solubility dmso a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 88% in discriminating radiosensitive from radiaoresistant NPC. Furthermore, the resistance to ionizing radiation can be partially reversed by the overexpression of 14-3-3 sigma in the CNE2-IR. The data suggest that
14-3-3 sigma, Maspin, GRP78, and Mn-SOD are potential biomarkers for predicting NPC response to radiotherapy and their dysregulation may be involved in the radioresistance of NPC. Cancer Res; 70(9); 3450-62. (C) 2010 AACR.”
“Eradication of minimal residual disease (MRD) after allotransplantation in persons with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is associated with lower rates of relapse. Rapid engraftment of donor lymphocyte elements can contribute to MRD control, but it remains unclear whether this strategy will benefit selleckchem patients. In this study, we report the incidence of MRD eradication and graft-versus-host
disease (GvHD) in persons with rapid versus later donor T lymphocyte engraftment after lymphodepleting chemotherapy and reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allotransplantation. Twenty-seven subjects received lymphodepleting chemotherapy to facilitate donor engraftment followed by fludarabine and cyclophosphamide RIC and a blood cell allograft. MRD was monitored by multicolor flow cytometry after transplantation. Complete donor T lymphoid chimerism (TLC) and myeloid chimerism (MC) were achieved in 25 subjects at a median of Selleck Roscovitine 28 days (range, 14-60 days) and 21 days (range, 14-180 days), respectively. Achieving complete donor TLC by day 14 versus day 28 or later correlated with occurrence
of grade 2 or higher acute GvHD (90% [95% confidence interval CI, 78-100%] versus 35% [95% CI, 16-54%]; p = 0.014) and better control of MRD in the bone marrow at day 100, median 0% (range, 0-0.1%) versus 8.5% (range, 0-92%; p = 0.016). Among 11 persons with early donor TLC, none had progressive disease, and seven died of treatment -related mortality (TRM). In persons with later development of TLC, 8 of 16 had progressive disease and 2 died of TRM. Time to donor myeloid chimerism had no effect on outcomes. Rapid establishment of donor TLC resulted in more complete eradication of early MRD, but greater incidence of acute GvHD and TRM in persons with CLL undergoing RIC allotransplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of ISEH – Society for Hematology and Stem Cells.”
“The purpose of this study was to determine if the ingestion of sodium citrate (CIT) alters blood levels of fluid and electrolyte regulatory hormones at rest and during exercise.