For verification of T-RFs, purified DNA from individual clones were analysed by T-RFLP using the same protocol as for environmental samples, except that 75 ng of digested PCR products generated from each clone was used. Each clone produced a single peak (T-RF) that was then manually matched with T-RFs identified from whole community T-RFLP analyses. Prior to statistical analyses, T-RF peak area values were third root transformed and standardized. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to determine whether bacterial assemblages Gemcitabine concentration in samples grouped by substrate, location and/or season. The significances of assemblage dissimilarities between substrates, seasons and locations were tested by applying
one-way Analysis of Similarity (anosim) based on permutation procedures using the Bray–Curtis distance measure. The contributions of each taxon to the total dissimilarities of treatments were analysed using the Similarity Percentage (SIMPER) routine. All analyses Quizartinib cell line were performed using the past statistical software (Hammer et al., 2001). One-way analysis of variance (anova) was performed using the ncss 2007 (NCSS) statistical software to determine significant differences between relative abundances (peak area) for taxa at different locations. The effect of substrate type on bacterial community structure in biofilms was examined using T-RFLP for the whole dataset (pooled
from both sampling times and locations). Biofilm communities were very similar, regardless of the settlement substrate. PCA analysis showed that bacterial communities were largely overlapping for all substrates. PCA analyses also suggested that biofilms grown on glass slides and coral skeletons were most similar to each other, whereas the reef sediments displayed the highest variability between replicate samples (Fig. 1). For the global dataset, no significant Protein kinase N1 differences in community structure among substrates could be detected using anosim analysis (R = 0.039, P = 0.090). PCA analyses also suggested that similar community structures occurred among different substrates when sampling
times were analysed separately (Fig. 2a and b), although small, but significant differences in bacterial community structures on different substrates within both sampling times were determined (anosim summer: R = 0.122, P = 0.0316; winter: R = 0.175, P = 0.0059). For samples collected in winter, post hoc tests revealed that the only significant difference was between ceramic tile in comparison to reef sediments and coral skeletons (Table 2). Although the overall anosim test of different substrates for the summer was significant (R = 0.122, P = 0.037), post hoc tests showed no significant effect between individual substrates (P > 0.05) (Table 2). When the substrate data was compared for each location, the four substrates were statistically indistinguishable (anosim P = 0.