Specificity of the PCR reaction was verified by SYBR safe staining on a 2% (w/v) agarose gel. The internal standard curve using the unirradiated AZD1208 nmr RNA sample to estimate the change in target RNA quantity consisted of: undiluted RNA, a 1 in 2 dilution, a 1 in 4 dilution and a 1 in 10 dilution of unirradiated RNA. A no template negative control was also included. In addition, qRT-PCR was also carried out on the known endogenous housekeeping gene proC as an internal control to quantify the relative change in transcription of the gene of interest
. Site-directed mutagenesis of pBAD33-orf43 Site-directed mutagenesis of pBAD33-orf43 was performed using specifically designed complementary mutagenic primers to linearly amplify pBAD33-orf43 to generate a mutated nicked DNA product. Non-mutated methylated template DNA was eliminated by incubation with the DpnI restriction enzyme. Mutated DNA products were then transformed into TOP10 and plated on appropriate media containing chloramphenicol, 25 μg ml-1. Resulting TOP10 colonies were cultured, had plasmid content extracted using the QIAprep
Spin Miniprep Plasmid extraction kit from QIAGEN Chlormezanone (West Sussex, RH10, 9NQ, UK) according to the manufacturer’s protocol and screened
for EGFR cancer the presence of pBAD33-orf43 by restriction enzyme digestion. Mutated pBAD33-orf43 was verified by DNA sequencing to contain the desired mutation without additional mutations. Mutated pBAD33-orf43 was confirmed to still transcribe orf43 specific mRNA by RT-PCR as described. Determination of the effect of induction of mutated pBAD33-orf43 on host cell growth rate was carried out as described . Acknowledgements This work was funded by the Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology (IRSCET) to PA. The authors would like to thank Dr. P. Latour-Lambert for providing the pKOBEG plasmids and Drs. John O’Halloran and Michael P. Ryan for helpful discussion. References 1. Taviani E, Grim CJ, Chun J, Huq A, Colwell RR: Genomic analysis of a novel integrative conjugative element in Vibrio cholerae. FEBS Lett 2009,583(22):3630–3636.PubMedCrossRef 2. Michael GB, Kadlec K, Sweeney MT, Brzuszkiewicz E, Liesegang H, Daniel R, Murray RW, Watts JL, Schwarz S: ICEPmu1, an integrative conjugative element (ICE) of Pasteurella multocida: structure and transfer. J Antimicrob Chemoth 2012,67(1):91–100.CrossRef 3.