S. Dakar O281, O283 4056 S. Telaviv O281, O282 8307 Alectinib order S. Adelaide O35 8308 S. Mara O39 8102 Silver staining of electrophoresis-separated S. Dakar and S. Telaviv LPSs (Fig. 4a) revealed the bands in the form of ladder-like patterns typical for smooth, Gram-negative bacteria. These bands represented the LPS molecules containing
different long O-polysaccharide chains (different number of repeating units). MAbs were obtained using the method of Köhler & Milstein (1975). The specificity of MAbs for subfactor O281 was confirmed by an inhibition ELISA test. The nonabsorbed MAbs reacted in high dilution serum with both S. Dakar LPS and OPS as well as S. Telaviv LPS and OPS (log10 4.0 and log10 3.7 respectively), indicating the specificity of MAbs against subfactor O281 characteristic of both bacterial strains. The inhibition ELISA experiments MAbs showed that MAbs absorbed with S. Dakar OPS reacted poor with both S. Dakar learn more and S. Telaviv LPSs (log10
1.3 and log10 1.0 respectively) and S. Dakar and S. Telaviv OPSs (log10 1.0). MAbs absorbed with S. Telaviv OPS reacted also weakly with S. Dakar and S. Telaviv LPSs (log10 1.0) and OPSs of these bacteria (log10 1.3). The results were in agreement with presented for nonabsorbed MAbs, confirming the specificity of MAbs against subfactor O281. In the next experiment, the reaction of three fractions of S. Telaviv OPS differentiated on the basis of their molecular weights: HMW S. Telaviv OPS (I), MMW S. Telaviv OPS (II) and LMW S. Telaviv OPS (III) (Fig. 2) with the MAbs against O281 was tested. The high activity of MAbs against O281 antigen DCLK1 specificity – log10 4.0 for each fraction – confirmed not only that the distribution of O281 subfactor along the S. Telaviv OPS chain was similar, but also that O281-antigenic determinant
sugars were present in the main chain of S. Telaviv O-polysaccharide. Comparison of the structures of the main chains of S. Dakar and S. Telaviv OPSs (Fig. 1) indicated clearly that only the part 4)-β-d-Galp-(13)-α-d-GalpNAc-(1 was identical and could create subfactor O281. On the other hand, chemically modified OPSs (Fig. 3) of these two bacteria gave positive results with all the polyvalent rabbit antisera in the ELISA tests (Table 1), demonstrating that 4-linked galactose did not possess subfactor O281. It was decided to check the reaction of MAbs against O281 with native S. Dakar and S. Telaviv LPSs as well as with native and chemically modified OPSs (Fig. 3) using ELISA tests (Fig. 4b). Although 4-linked galactose residues were modified during periodate oxidation and during periodate oxidation followed by NaBH4 reduction, the chemically modified OPSs of both bacteria gave positive results with a high dilution serum of MAbs (1 : 1000).