Although gastric variceal bleeding is not common as well as esophageal variceal bleeding, it will be dangerous and difficulty to control in the event of bleeding. Both American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) and European Association
for the Study of the Liver (EASL) recommend that injection of cyanoacrylate is a preferred treatment for gastric variceal bleeding. Domestic and international studies have confirmed that the method is relatively safe and effective, with the characteristics of simpleness and less complications. Two patients, one with isolated gastric varices, another with gastric varices of type 2, were underwent injection of cyanoacrylate by the sandwich method (lipiodol and cyanoacrylate). And their gastric varices were eradicated this website with no prominent complications during selleckchem the follow-up. Methods: Cyanoacrylate anf lipiodol were injected into gastric varices by Sandwich method. Results: Case 1 A 53-year-old man with hepatitis B virus-associated
liver cirrhosis was admitted to our hospital on December 12, 2010. One day prior to admission, he overeat and then vomited coffee-liked fluid about 500 ml and discharged tarry stool about 300 ml, with dizzy and feeble. At the time of admission he was afebrile, had a pulse rate of 90/min, and was normotensive (BP 115/70 mmHg). Moderate pale conjunctiva was observed. Liver palm and spider angioma were negative. No abnormalities were noticed on cardiac and respiratory examinations. There was no splenomegaly or palpable mass from
not abdominal palpation, either. His abdomen was tender to palpation without guarding. A complete blood count revealed moderate anemia (hemoglobin level, 8.4 g/dL), leukocytosis (14 940 cells/mm3 with 86.9% polymorphonuclear cells) and platelets (53 000 cells/mm3). Other laboratory examination showed serum albumin (ALB) 3.96 g/dL, total serum bilirubin (TBIL) 1.33 mg/dL, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 27 U/L, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 38 U/L, serum creatine (Cr) 57 umol/L, and alpha fetal protein (AFP) 5.56 ng/ml. The Child-Pugh classification was A with prothrombin time (PT) 15.6 s. In this case, the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) were positive. And HBV-DNA was negative. Abdominal ultrasonographic examination showed liver cirrhosis and splenomegaly. After admission, proton pump inhibitor (PPI), octreotide, hemostatics and cefuroxime were given. On the second day, he underwent gastroscopy when the isolated gastric varices of type 1 was noted (Figure 1A). 2 ml cyanoacrylate and 2 ml lipiodol were injected into dilated gastric varix by Sandwich method. He was fasted for 24 hours post-procedure and then allowed to liquid diets. Acid suppression, hemostatics, octreotide and antibiotic continue to use. He had no bleeding and was discharged on the fifth day after injection of cyanoacrylate. After 2 months, gastric varices shrank and residual scar was observed in the site of injection (Figure 1A).